Texas Comptroller Glenn Hegar said June 1 that state sales tax revenue totaled $2.61 billion in May, 13.2% less than in May 2019 and the steepest year-over-year decline since January 2010.
The majority of May sales tax revenue is based on sales made in April and remitted to the agency in May. Widespread social distancing requirements were in place across much of the state throughout April.
“Significant declines in sales tax receipts were evident in all major economic sectors, with the exception of telecommunications services,” Hegar said. “The steepest decline was in collections from oil and gas mining, as energy companies cut well drilling and completion spending following the crash in oil prices.
“The business closures and restrictions and stay-at-home orders due to the COVID-19 pandemic spurred deep drops in collections from restaurants, amusement and recreation services, and physical retail stores. These declines were offset in part by increases from big box retailers and grocery stores that remained open as essential businesses, online retailers and restaurants that could readily pivot to takeout and delivery service.
“With the easing of state and local government social distancing orders beginning in May, business activity in the sectors most affected by measures to curb the pandemic should begin to slowly recover, but operations resuming at reduced capacity will result in continued reductions in employment, income and activity subject to sales tax for months to come.”
Sales tax is the largest source of state funding for the state budget, accounting for 57% of all tax collections, but the effects of the economic slowdown and low oil prices were evident in other sources of revenue in May 2020. Texas collected the following revenue from other major taxes:
Motor vehicle sales and rental taxes — $265 million, down 38% from May 2019 and a modest improvement over April’s results;
Motor fuel taxes — $221 million, down 30% from May 2019 and the steepest drop since 1989;
Natural gas production tax — $31 million, down 76% from May 2019;
Oil production tax — $90 million, the lowest monthly amount since July 2010, down 75% from May 2019 and the steepest drop since a 77% drop in March 1988;
Hotel occupancy tax — $8 million, down 86% from May 2019 and the steepest drop on record in data going back to 1982; and
Alcoholic beverage taxes — $28 million, down 76% from May 2019 and the steepest drop on record in data going back to 1980.
The Comptroller extended the due date for franchise tax payments this year from May 15 to July 15, meaning that comparisons to May 2019 collections are uninformative. The Comptroller’s office detailed other COVID-19 impacts to the Texas economy, including the skyrocketing claims for unemployment benefits, in the most recent edition of Fiscal Notes.
For details on all monthly collections, visit the Comptroller’s Monthly State Revenue Watch. For an extensive history of tax policy developments and fees since 1972, visit the updated Sources of Revenue publication.